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The Truth About Vaccines – Help us spread the word (and earn fun prizes too!)


“I Just Want Them To Be Safe”

Parents should be informed about both the benefits and the risks associated with vaccines — without pressure, propaganda, or agenda.

So we brought together more than 60 of the world’s foremost health experts to investigate both sides of this contentious debate to give you the science, the history, and the untold story… the REAL information you need to make an informed decision on how to best protect your child.



I’m so excited for you to watch The Truth About Vaccines.

But right now, I’ve got a simple question for you…

Who do you know that needs this critical, potentially life-saving information?

Is there anyone in your family, your neighborhood, or your community that is pregnant and trying to make a vaccine decision for their baby?

Anyone in your world with young children under the age of 5?

If so, we’ve got some very helpful information coming for them in the next few days as well!

Please share with them the link to our video preview and registration page, so that they can get this information too. It’s free for them to watch too. 🙂

Just give them this link: http://bit.ly/2wo1MBV

You’ll also get my personal, heartfelt THANK YOU for helping us spread the word about this important series.

The Truth About Vaccines goes right to the heart of a very serious matter. And our goal is to get the word out to as many people as possible to empower parents to make an informed decision for their child.

Thanks in advance,

Ty Bollinger

P.S. You can share the link on Email, Facebook, Instagram… wherever your community hangs out.


  • Q.    What is a Holographic QuBIT?


  • A.    A Holographic QuBIT is a topical dosage form specifically programmed for various ailments,  issues and outcomes. When applied topically, the Holographic QuBIT relays frequency fields similar to the active ingredients found in natural elements, essential oils, nutrients, or other substances.
  • Q.    What is a hologram and its uses?
  • A.    Holograms have very unique properties. One of these properties is its ability to act as a storage device for information; each piece contains information about the whole. Some of the most advanced computers that are used by major corporations integrate holograms to store massive amounts of data and information. Our Holographic QuBITs, act as a storage device for longitudinal electromagnetic waves due to their unique properties and ability to store information. This stored information may be used to assist your body in healing and restoring it to its normal, balanced state.
  • Q.    How is the Holographic QuBIT programmed to benefit the body?
  • A.    Holographic QuBITs are programmed with a proprietary combination of known frequencies and derived and from bioactive ingredients. Each active ingredient, which can be a nutrient or medication, is placed in an aqueous solution and the frequency is extracted. Longitudinal electromagnetic waves or scalar fields charge the target bioactive frequencies into the QuBIT.
  • Q.    Can different types of frequencies affect the body?
  • A.    It is a well-known fact in the scientific community that different frequencies can affect the human body in certain ways. The patented use of ultrasonic and electromagnetic frequencies are used to speed up recovery time of damaged body tissue and broken bones. Not only is the human body affected by frequencies, it uses frequencies for internal communication. The human body is composed of a multitude of systems that exchange energy and information throughout itself, allowing the human body to properly function. Together, all of these systems work harmoniously to create the entire function as a whole. Exemplary evidence of this is the human body’s central nervous system, which is comprised of neurons using electric frequencies to transfer information throughout the body.
  • Q.    What can interact with the body’s energy field?
  • A.    Stressors to the human body have increased tremendously in the past few decades. Genetically modified foods, pollutions, toxins, etc., have affected the ability of our body to function in the way it was naturally intended. The inventions of radio, cellular communication and other such devices that transmit electromagnetic waves have also caused a new kind of stress to the body known as electromagnetic pollution. The way in which we deal with pain, injuries, ailments, and stressors to the body has advanced immensely in the past few centuries. The medical field has been a blossoming industry that deals primarily with correcting these problems. In modern times, it appears that the cure to these problems is in the form of some sort of chemical that is ingested into the body.For example, when a part of the body is injured, our natural protective mechanisms go to work. White blood cell count at the site of the injury increases, which causes heat, loss of function, and pain. All of these effects are potentially beneficial; but after we know we are injured, the pain is not a good thing. Taking ibuprofen acts as a painkiller due to its ability to inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins. It does this by interfering with the enzyme cyclooxygenase, which catalyzes the conversion of arachidonic acid into prostaglandins, which will in effect help alleviate the pain and solve one problem, but may also create others. As well as being harmful to your liver, ibuprofen may cause stomach pain, constipation, gas, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Alternative solutions to these problems – such as Eastern medicine – take a different approach to this. While the Western medicine approach clearly separates health and disease, the Eastern medicine approach considers health as a balanced state, versus disease as an unbalanced state.

Eastern Chinese medicine divides the body into parts by their function rather than their structure: the anatomical, physiological, and the psychological. These parts are all connected by what they call “meridians” which are electrical pathways that carry energy and information throughout the body.

When the flow of energy and information throughout these pathways is blocked or slowed down, our body enters a state of disease, which ultimately leads to illness and sickness. Electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves/fields, and acoustic waves can all be used to send messages to the body and its energetic field. Different forms of electromagnetic waves/fields and frequencies can influence the human body.

  • Q.    How can Holographic QuBITs enhance or benefit the body?
  • A.    The Holographic QuBIT fields enhance the metabolism of cells through a frequency that is beneficial and harmonious to the frequency of living cells, thus helping it function optimally.
  • Q.    When and who started using frequencies to heal the body?
  • A.    The application of using frequencies to heal the body has been around since the inventor Nikola Tesla (1856 – 1943) pioneered electrical technology. As one of the most influential scientists of the last century, Tesla was a genius born ahead of his time. His inventions of alternating current, electric motors, radio, etc., have laid the groundwork for our modern day society. Although most of his ideas and inventions are well known and used today, there are some that remain forgotten, one of which was his invention of longitudinal electromagnetic waves. This type of electromagnetic wave contradicted the accepted mainstream theory of Heinrich Hertz that electromagnetic waves were transverse. Instead of merging their experimental results into a unified proof for Maxwell’s original equations, the two argued about who was right and who was wrong and mainstream science stuck with Hertz’s theory. Longitudinal electromagnetic waves were then forgotten about… until recently. A scientist by the name of Dr. Konstantin Meyl picked up Tesla’s work. Dr. Meyl was able to experimentally and repeatedly prove the existence of these electromagnetic waves and expand on this theory. Proving the existence of longitudinal electromagnetic waves opens up a whole new area of science for the world to understand. Through enormous amounts of research and development, we have been able to find ways to apply this cutting edge technology for practical uses. One of these new uses is our Holographic QuBITs with our Patent Pending technology.
    • Q.    What are some examples of how frequencies are used to help heal?

A.     Some examples include:

  • – Magnetic/electromagnetic field therapy
  • – Ultrasound frequencies to heal bones quicker
  • – Electric/electromagnetic fields to heal bones faster
  • – Light to speed up wound healing

Q.    What is frequency as it relates to electrical energy, and what in the body has electrical energy?

  • A.    Frequency is a measurable rate of electrical energy that is constant between any two points. In the book, The Body Electric: Electromagnetism and the Foundation of Life by Robert O. Becker and Gary Selden, Becker, an orthopedic surgeon at SUNY Upstate Medical, described his research as understanding “our bioelectric selves”. The book states that every living thing has an electrical frequency.

Q.    Can Holographic fields enhance normal cellular communication through resonance signaling?

A.     Yes. Low biofrequency fields (or scalar waves) traveling at specific frequencies through the interstitial fluid between cells create resonance signals that amplify endogenous signals. Biofrequency fields move free electrons inside ring systems such as benzene, purine and pyrimidine commonly found in human cells, which induces a small electric current that provides energy necessary for cellular reactions. Cells move into resonance with each other, which draws energy and information from other cells and the environment. Biofrequency fields created from scalar waves or electromagnetic waves have demonstrated the ability to improve nitric oxide release, enhance blood flow, methylate DNA, activate antioxidant enzymes, and reduce inflammation.

Q.    How does normal endogenous electrophysical cellular communication take place?

A.        Chemical messengers such as hormones, neurotransmitters and antibodies travel through the small interstitial space between cells and attach to receptors transferring electrochemical signals that lead to a cellular response. Every living being emits a vibrating energy field with a unique frequency. The brain processes information and communicates with the body through wave frequency patterns. Memory is stored in the cerebral cortex of the brain in cell groups attuned to certain frequencies, making pattern recognition possible. Normal cellular communication may become compromised under conditions of illness, disease, or tissue damage.

Q.    Can Longitudinal (Scalar) Waves carry drug information?

A.     In a proof of concept study, scalar waves using the biofrequency of the drug clotrimazole were compared to the active drug in an invitro model of yeast. As expected, the direct (chemical) addition of clotrimazole showed strong growth inhibition over baseline (p<0.0001). Inhibition rates obtained by mere clotrimazole information transfer via scalar wave resonance (physical) was half of the direct drug effect, but still significant over controls (p<0.0001). The investigators concluded that the combination of both the chemical and physical pathways might enhance the desired therapeutic effect without an increase of undesired side effects.

Q.    If a person is hypersensitive or allergic to a particular ingredient, will they experience adverse effects from the QuBIT frequency of the same ingredient?

A.     If the body does not need or want the information stored on the hologram, it ignores it. Concerning allergic reactions, take for example if a person is allergic or hypersensitive to ibuprofen and the person ingests Ibuprofen, the body will then attempt to reject it with an allergic reaction. The same is true for ingredient frequencies stored in holographic form. With the frequencies stored on the QuBITs, the body does not need to use the frequencies if it is not beneficial to the body; it will reject them. For example, if you stay in the sun all day and your body produces sufficient vitamin D, then your body will then ignore the frequency and stop producing vitamin D. In essence, the body decides what the body needs. Without this innate system, people living on the equator would continually produce vitamin D3.

Q.    Is it possible for a person to become desensitized to the same frequencies, making it less effective over time?  If so, how long of a break should a patient take from the QuBIT before reapplying? 

A.     We have not encountered anyone who has become desensitized to a particular frequency. Again, like the frequency from the sun, if you need the frequency, your body will accept it; if you do not need it, your body will ignore it.

Q.    Are there parts of the body more receptive to the frequencies?  What parts of the body or types of tissues are less receptive to the frequencies? 

A.     Blood flow points and meridian points are most receptive to frequencies. Water and blood are much more receptive to accepting the information, versus something like the top of the knee with limited blood flow. We have also found that copious amounts of fat are not receptive; in this case, it is best to place a QuBIT on the wrists closer to blood flow. Placing the QuBITs on designated meridian points will increase their effectiveness. A pain QuBIT is best used where the pain or problem is occurring.

Q.    What is the potency of the frequency the QuBIT emits?

      • A.    Nothing is ever emitted. There is no power source. The QuBITs contain subtle energy fields that the human body’s energetic field is sensitive to and reacts to. This subtle energy field contains information that communicates a message to the body. The body’s fields can accept the information in various frequencies, both high and low.

Q.      Does the frequency change based on dose of the ingredient used, or is it always one frequency/ingredient regardless of dose?

A.      No, the frequency does not change. If the frequency and information is there and stored, it is available to the body. There is no dose or levels. The frequency of the ingredient does not change depending on the dose, it is always the same.

Q.    Are the fields emitted by the QuBIT static or pulsed?
A.     Nothing is emitted or pulsed. If blood passes near the QuBIT, your body may choose whether or not to accept the frequencies and benefits, but it is not responding to anything static or pulsed.

      • How quickly can therapeutic benefits be recognized by the Holographic QuBITs?
      • It all depends on how sensitive a person’s body is to the biofrequency fields. For some people, the effects can be instantaneous, while others may take longer.  Individual response times may vary.

Q.    Is there any evidence that therapeutic benefits improve with time or number of applications?

A.     Yes, it has been shown that more oxidation to the body is a benefit, and this helps cleanse the body. The more times you wear the QuBITs, the more you should benefit. We have found that ideally the longer a patient wears the QuBITs, the better the outcome, as there are many long-term benefits of increased blood flow and oxygenation of the blood on a continuous basis

      • Are there things I can do to enhance the effect of the Holographic QuBITs? 
      • Yes. Adequate hydration and electrolytes assist your body to reap the benefits of the QuBITs. Since most of the effects occur because of how they act on ions, especially calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium, these ions and electrolytes need to be at the right levels in the body. Proper and consistent hydration assists this process. Drink lots of water. Clean, alkaline water is best.


Q.    Can I overdose on a magnetic field? 

A.     Low-frequency, low-intensity biofrequency fields have minimal effect on healthy cells. A cell cannot make more energy than it is capable of utilizing. In other words, it cannot be “overcharged” with biofrequency fields. Only unhealthy or unbalanced cells need and use the extra energy from therapeutic biofrequency fields to get better.
Both quantum field theory and string theory express this phenomenon on the atomic and subatomic levels by representing everything in terms of a field or vibration of energy.
The essential oil Lavender has a high frequency of 118 MHz Rose oil is very high at 320 MHz Just to give you an idea, the body drops to a frequency of around 58 MHz with a cold or flu, around 42 MHz when cancer may appear, and drops to around 20 MHz when the death process begins. Generally, the higher frequency of the body, the better it functions.

Q.    Are there visuals that show the efficacy of the Holographic QuBITs?

A.     Flir photography of Holographic QuBITs visually illustrates how effective they can be. The pain QuBIT both relieves pain and increases blood flow. The increase in blood flow results in a faster recovery time. Below are before and after photos of a subject with severe lower back pain. On the left you can see that the lower back is inflamed and very red. On the right you can see that with using just six, small pain QuBITs, the inflammation has subsided substantially, resulting in less pain after only thirty minutes.



Kirlian photography is an excellent way to show energetic changes in matter. On the left is a Kirlian photo of a leaf. You can see that it is not very bright, indicating there is not much energy present. On the right is a Kirlian photo of a leaf from the same branch that had a Holographic QuBIT on it for two hours. You can clearly see it is almost fully illuminated, indicating that there is more energy present.



and or 



Naturally Healthy Nutrition For Life

You Are What You Eat And How You Process It!

We are what we eat.

We’ve all heard it, but most of us probably don’t quite believe it. After all, you’ve had french fries and didn’t sprout french fry antennae. So we’re not really what we eat … are we?

Yes We are.



  • Key Components of Healthy Eating
    Key Components of Healthy Eating

It’s every bit as true as it is hard to see. Just as our homes are made from lumber without looking like trees, our bodies are made from the nutrients we extract from foods without resembling those foods.
The nutritional content of what we eat determines the composition of our cell membranes, bone marrow, blood, and hormones. Consider that the average adult loses roughly 300 billion cells to old age every day and must replace them. Our bodies are literally manufactured out of the food we consume.
That’s why what we put in them is of utmost importance — and why “clean food” is an urgent priority and “junk” food is neither cute nor innocuous.

Develop a Healthy Longevity Mindset!

In short, our bodies are only as clean as the food we feed them.
We’re all set!
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The Energy Network Of The Body. Your body relies on energy, a life-sustaining flow which allows it to function properly. It is only because of the existence of this energy in our body that we can move, breathe, think, feel. and the overall condition of our health and well-being. The body’s life-force energy becomes dysfunctional, various imbalances will result. Any disruption of energy through the Meridian System by natural or man-made frequencies, such as disruptive electromagnetic fields, can be from stress, an injury, trauma, or unfavourable living habits and can be traced to the root of all health problems.
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Discover The Best Digital, Online & Offline Natural Health Products & Services


The Most Potent Bloodroot Capsules Ever!

Our Triple-Strength Bloodroot Capsules now contain a whopping 100mg of pure organic Bloodroot powder per capsule!

This in addition to the same amount of Graviola and Cat’s Claw! Wow. Potent indeed!

I’ll assume you already know what Bloodroot is used for: after all, you arrived HERE. Well done. If not, please take a look at www.bloodrootsalve.com.

Anyway, we are so proud of our new formulation that I thought I’d tell you the story of how they came into being.

When we started formulating Bloodroot Capsules a few years ago, the first thing that stood out for us was how little of the Bloodroot herb was actually inside the capsules that were available at the time. As an example, Best-On-Earth-Product’s capsules contain somewhere around 30mg per capsule.

A medium daily dose of, say, 600 mg would therefore require 20 capsules! Ridiculous. Who on earth is going to take 20 capsules every day?

So we formulated the “Double-Strength” Capsules with 62mg per capsule, which halves the number of capsules that a person would need to take. A huge improvement. Hence “Double-Strength”. These have been a great success with literally hundreds of positive feedback messages.

Now we’ve taken it even one step further. In addition to Bloodroot, we decided to add generous amounts of Cat’s Claw and Graviola as both support the effectiveness of Bloodroot.

The result: Our new “Triple-Strength” Bloodroot Capsules. Yes, they contain 100mg of Bloodroot, 100mg of Graviola and 100mg of Cat’s Claw. The most POTENT Bloodroot capsules ever formulated.

Triple Strength Bloodroot Capsules
Triple Strength Bloodroot Capsules

Your benefits:

  • FEWER CAPSULES TO INGEST: Use far fewer capsules for the same effect. One “Triple-Strength” Capsule contains as much as one-and-a-half “Double-Strength” Capsules, and as much as THREE “normal” capsules available from other vendors. What a relief not having to take handfuls of capsules!
  • BEST PRICE: Consider the cost:
    • One “Triple-Strength” capsule costs 44.8 cents (including shipping),
    • This is the  equivalent of 1.5 “Double-Strength” capsules which would cost 58.2 cents for the same amount of Bloodroot
    • The equivalent of three “normal” capsules which would cost $1.51 for the same effect. Amazing. (By the way, the price for “normal” capsules is based on paying Best-On-Earth $45.21 for 90 capsules including shipping)
  • BEST FORMULATION: We add the herbs that are KNOWN to be effective. No cheap herbs with nice-sounding names, no fillers, no nonsense. Bloodroot, Graviola and Cat’s Claw are what you are looking for. Anything else is just for marketing.
  • RELIABLE SOURCES: Our herbal powders are sourced from a most reliable producer and wholesaler, and we have Certificates of Authenticity for each batch we buy.
  • GREAT SHIPPING: We ship reliably five days a week. The US postal service pick up our parcels at about 1PM every weekday, you get a tracking code, and the USPS is surprisingly reliable. Great value.

As a fan of herbal medicine, you will understand why we cannot make medical claims about Bloodroot or any other herb here (FDA), but I’m sure you know how to research effectively. After all, you have arrived here!


Naturally Healthy Bloodroot




Morgellons Direct- Enjoy Saturated Solution of Potassium Iodide (SSKI) at Home

Morgellons Direct is the best possible way to enjoy the benefits of a Saturated Solution of Potassium Iodide (SSKI) at home, being the only complete kit for creating SSKI yourself.

Creating your own solutions of potassium iodide with Morgellons Direct is the easiest way to know that you have fresh, additive-free, FDA Compliant,

Certified USP SSKI.


Breathe in … breathe out.

Ahh. Hooray for oxygen, the element that keeps much of life on Earth humming.

Element No. 8 on the Periodic Table of the Elements is a colorless gas that makes up 21 percent of Earth’s atmosphere. Because it’s all around, oxygen is easy to dismiss as dull and inert; in fact, it’s the most reactive of the non-metallic elements.

Earth has been oxygenated for about 2.3 billion to 2.4 billion years, and levels began to creep up at least 2.5 billion years ago, according to a 2007 NASA-funded study. No one knows quite why this lung-friendly gas suddenly became a significant part of the atmosphere, but it’s possible that geologic changes on Earth led to oxygen produced by photosynthesizing organisms sticking around, rather than being consumed in geologic reactions, according to the study researchers.

  • Atomic Number (number of protons in the nucleus): 8
  • Atomic Symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): O
  • Atomic Weight (average mass of the atom): 15.9994
  • Density: 0.001429 grams per cubic centimeter
  • Phase at Room Temperature: Gas
  • Melting Point: minus 361.82 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 218.79 degrees Celsius)
  • Boiling Point: minus 297.31 degrees F (minus 182.95 degrees C)
  • Number of isotopes (atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons): 11; three stable
  • Most common isotopes: O-16 (99.757 percent natural abundance)

Oxygen is the third most abundant element in the universe, according to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. However, its reactivity made it relatively rare in early Earth’s atmosphere.

Cyanobacteria, which are organisms that “breathe” using photosynthesis, take in carbon dioxide and exhale oxygen, just like modern plants. Cyanobacteria were likely responsible for the first oxygen on Earth, an event grandly known as the Great Oxidation Event.

Photosynthesis by cyanobacteria was likely ongoing before significant levels of oxygen built up in Earth’s atmosphere; a March 2014 study published in the journal Nature Geoscience found that 2.95 billion-year-old rocks found in South Africa contained oxides that would have required free oxygen to form. These rocks were originally in shallow seas, suggesting that oxygen from photosynthesis first began to accumulate in marine environments about half a billion years before it began to accumulate in the atmosphere around 2.5 billion years ago.

Life today depends heavily on oxygen, but the initial build-up of this element in the atmosphere was nothing short of a disaster. The new atmosphere caused a mass extinction of anaerobes, which are organisms that don’t require oxygen. Anaerobes that were unable to adapt or survive in the presence of oxygen died off in this new world. [Infographic: Earth’s Atmosphere Top to Bottom]

Fast forward — way forward. The first inkling humans had of the existence of oxygen as an element was in 1608, when Dutch inventor Cornelius Drebbel reported that the heating of saltpeter (potassium nitrate) released a gas, according to the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). The identity of that gas remained a mystery until the 1770s, when three chemists converged on its discovery more or less at the same time. English chemist and clergyman Joseph Priestly isolated oxygen by shining sunlight on mercuric oxide and collecting the gas from the reaction. He noted that a candle burned more brightly in this gas, according to the RSC, thanks to oxygen’s role in combustion.

Priestly published his findings in 1774, beating out Swiss scientist Carl Wilhelm Steele, who had actually isolated oxygen in 1771 and written about it, but not published the work. Oxygen’s third discoverer was Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier, a French chemist who gave the element its name. The word comes from the Greek “oxy” and “genes,” meaning “acid-forming.”

Oxygen has eight total electrons — two orbit the nucleus in the atom’s inner shell and six orbit in the outermost shell. The outermost shell can hold a total of eight electrons, which explains oxygen’s tendency to react with other elements: Its outer shell is incomplete, and electrons are thus free for the taking (and giving).

  • As a gas, oxygen is clear. But as a liquid, it’s pale blue.
  • If you’ve ever wondered what swimming in a pool of liquid oxygen would be like, the answer is: very, very cold, according to Carl Zorn of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. Oxygen must get down to minus 297.3 F (minus 183.0 C) to liquefy, so frostbite would be a problem.
  • Too little oxygen is problematic. So is too much. Breathing 80 percent oxygen for more than 12 hours irritates the respiratory tract and can eventually cause deadly fluid build-up, or edema, according to the University of Florida and the company Air Products.
  • Oxygen is one tough cookie: A 2012 study published in the journal Physical Review Letters found than an oxygen molecule (O2) can survive pressures 19 million times higher than atmospheric pressure.
  • The lowest levels of oxygen ever recorded in human blood were measured near the summit of Mount Everest in 2009. Climbers had arterial oxygen levels of 3.28 kilopascals on average. Compare that to the normal value of 12 to 14 kilopascals, and the mountaineering term “death zone” makes plenty of sense. The findings were published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
  • Thank goodness for an atmosphere of 21 percent oxygen. About 300 million years ago, when oxygen levels reached 35 percent, insects were able to grow super-large: Think dragonflies with the wingspans of hawks.

Oxygen forms in the hearts of stars, with the fusion of a carbon-12 nucleus and a helium-4 nucleus (also known as an alpha particle). It’s only recently, however, that scientists have been able to peer into the nucleus of oxygen and unravel its structure.

In March 2014, North Carolina State University physicist Dean Lee and his colleagues reported that they’d figured out the nuclear structure of oxygen-16, the most common isotope of oxygen, in its ground state (the state at which all electrons are at the lowest possible energy levels) and in its first excited state (the next energy level up).

Why should such a thing matter? Well, to understand how nuclei form in stars — from carbon to oxygen to heavier elements — is to understand how the very building blocks of the universe snap together. Lee and his team originally discovered that the nucleus of a carbon-12 molecule, with its six protons and six neutrons, is actually made of three particle clusters, each with two protons and two neutrons. If carbon-12 had three of these so-called alpha clusters, the researchers reasoned, oxygen-16 was likely to have four, given that it has eight protons and eight neutrons.

Using supercomputer simulations and a numerical lattice, the researchers were able to see how the particles in an oxygen-16 nucleus would arrange themselves. They found that in the ground state of oxygen-16, there are indeed four alpha clusters, arranged neatly in a tetrahedron.

“These alpha clusters are sort of like little fuzzy spheres of these four particles, or these nucleons, and these fuzzy spheres like to touch each other by some surface interaction,” Lee told Live Science. The tetrahedron configuration allows them to get nice and snug.

But there was another quantum mystery waiting to be unraveled. The ground state of oxygen-16 and the first excited state share an unusual feature. They both have the same spin — a value indicating how the particles rotate. They also both have positive parity, a way to indicate symmetry. Imagine inverting left and right in the entire universe, but having to keep subatomic particles in the same shape. Particles with positive parity would be able to look in this mirror universe and see themselves as they are. Particles with negative parity would have to flip-flop, lest they end up backwards like a line of text read in a mirror.

“The mystery was why the lowest two states of oxygen-16 have zero spin and positive parity,” Lee said, given that the states are different.

The simulations gave an answer: In its excited state, oxygen-16 rearranges its nucleus to look little like the ground state at all. Instead of a tetrahedral arrangement, the alpha particles arrange themselves in a square or near-square plane.

“Their underlying intrinsic structures were different,” Lee said. The totally different configuration explains how spin and parity could remain the same — the nuclei take different paths to the same result.

There are still more quantum interactions in the oxygen-16 nucleus to detangle, Lee said, and finer-grained detail to discover.

“There are actually quite a lot of interesting things going inside of little things like nuclei,” he said. “And there are stories that are being told about how they are being made that we are now starting to be able to address.”

Lee’s work looks to oxygen’s birth in the stars; another line of oxygen research focuses on the element’s role in life on Earth. Shortly after the Great Oxidation Event some 2.4 billion years ago, oxygen levels may have reached or exceeded today’s levels before crashing, said Daniel Mills, a doctoral candidate at the Nordic Center for Earth Evolution at the University of Southern Denmark. Animal life didn’t show up until far later, with the simplest animals appearing around 600 million years ago.

Despite theories that the rise of oxygen paved the way for the existence of animals, the story appears to be far more complex. Animals did not appear during the first significant bump in Earth’s oxygen levels 2.4 billion years ago. And in February 2014, Mills and his colleagues reported in the journal PNAS that modern-day sponges can still breathe, eat and even grow in oxygen levels 0.5 percent to 4 percent of what is found in Earth’s atmosphere today. Sponges are the probably the most similar living animal to the first animals on Earth, Mills told Live Science.

The finding that sponges don’t need high oxygen to live suggests that something else contributed to the rise of the first animal life — though rising oxygen may well have been necessary to reach the kind of diversity and ecosystems we see today, Mills said. Even in the modern era, animals such as nematode worms thrive in low-oxygen areas of the ocean, he added.

“There is clearly more to animal evolution than an ample supply of oxygen,” Mills said.

Oxygen & The Human Circulatory System

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